Fish, Fisheries and Queryomics
A recent article published in the prestigious science journal, Science, reports that Swedish scientists exposed European perch Perca fluviatilis to different concentrations of the anti-anxiety medication Oxazepam to study its effect on fish in the wild.
Presumably, the drug attaches to receptors in the perch’s brain, which are similar to those in the human brain, allowing it to have comparable affects on behavior in fish and humans.
Beel, you ask, why are the fish on drugs? Well, there are two anwers. First, Sweden is a beautiful country, but it ain’t Norway. And the fish know it.
Second, perch live in rivers and lakes. Humans take lots of Oxazepam, evidently this is particularly true in Sweden (the Swedes also know that Sweden ain’t Norway). Humans excrete the drug in their, ahem, piss and some of the drug eventually makes it way into streams and lakes. Lovely.
So, a study needed to be conducted and the Swedes assembled a team.
Whoops, Beel’s bad. So, the Swedes assembled a team of scientists who, when not taking Oxazepam, found that perch exposed to the drug were less social, more active, and bolder than unexposed fish.
They also found that the greater the concentration of drug to which fish were exposed, the more rapidly they fed on zooplankton, small shrimp-like animals. Please friends, allow Beel to present these results:
Okay, they had the munchies. Who doesn’t after loading up on drugs?
The Swedish scientists describe potential ecosystem effects of perch run amok with insatiable appetites. But its just not that simple. Supposed the Swedes clean up their piss (and rivers and lakes)?
Oxazepam is a powerful and addictive drug. According to the Oxazepam withdrawl website there are about 40 different symptoms. Here, Beel presents a short list these symptoms: blurred vision, body vibrations, diarrhea, feeling of unreality, flatulence, food cravings, hair loss, insomnia, nightmares, panic attacks, paranoia, sweating, and suicidal thoughts.
So, do you prefer hyperactive perch with the munchies, or psychotic, quivering, blurry eyed, sweating, and farting perch, with hairloss, feelings of paranoia, suicidal thoughts, and the munchies (= food cravings)?
Tomas Brodin and colleagues. 2013. Dilute concentrations of a psychiatric drug alter behavior of fish from natural populations. Science, Volume 339, pages 814–815.